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Effect of Temperature and Treatment Conditions on the Mortality of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Exposed to Ethanol

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Abstract:

Mortality responses were determined for 5th-instar lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), in the presence and absence of apples to immersion in ethanol solutions and exposure to ethanol vapor at a range of concentrations, treatment times, and temperatures. Ethanol may have caused an initial knock-down effect in E. postvittana larvae because there was a trend for larval mortality to reduce with increased periods between treatment and assessment time when immersed at 20°C in 30 or 50% ethanol solutions. Mortality for larvae immersed on apples in a range of ethanol concentrations was higher than for larvae in the absence of apples. Increasing treatment temperature from 20 to 45°C during ethanol immersion significantly increased larval mortality. During ethanol vapor exposure, longer treatment times were required to achieve 99% E. postvittana mortality for larvae on apples compared with those in the absence of apples.

Keywords: Epiphyas postvittana; apple; ethanol; immersion; temperature; vapor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2000

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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