Repellency and Toxicity of Oil from Artemisia annua to Certain Stored-Product Beetles

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Abstract:

The essential oil of Artemisia annua L. was tested for its toxic repellent and development inhibitory activities against 2 economically important stored product insects: Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Callosobruchus maculatus (L.). Adult beetles of T. castaneum were repelled significantly by oil of A. annua at 1% concentration (vol:vol) and above in filter paper arena test. Dose–response relationship of A. annua oil revealed a significant negative correlation between larval survival; pupal survival and adult emergence of T. castaneum (i.e., increase in dose caused decrease in survival and adult emergence). Effective concentration (EC50) to reduce F1 progeny by 50% was calculated to be 2.6 and 4.1 μl/ml solvent against both the insect species, C. maculatus and T. castaneum, respectively. The relationship between bioactivity of oil from A. annua and responses of T. castaneum and C. maculatus is discussed. We found that oil from A. annua was largely responsible for both repellent (behavioral) and toxic (physiological) actions on 2 species of insect tested.

Keywords: Artemisia annua; Callosobruchus; Tribolium; essential oil

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.1.43

Publication date: February 1, 2000

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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