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Seasonal Effect on Reproductive Performance of Monochamus carolinensis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Reared in Pine Logs

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The effect of season on the reproductive performance of Monochamus carolinensis (Olivier) reared in pine logs was investigated by constructing fertility tables for each of 39 jack pine, Pinus banksiana Lamb., logs that differed only in the season that they were cut. Population parameters that measured survival and reproduction of M. carolinensis, including the intrinsic rate of increase (r), were compared among 3 seasonal cohorts. The intrinsic rate of increase and associated population parameters of beetles that emerged from logs cut during spring were significantly higher than for beetles that emerged from logs cut during summer and autumn. Only minor differences were found between beetles emerged from summer and autumn logs. The nutritional value of phloem and cambium tissue of pines is highest during the spring months. We hypothesize that seasonal differences in the nutritional quality of logs caused the observed differences in M. carolinensis survival and reproduction.

Keywords: Monochamus carolinensis; fertility table; intrinsic rate of increase; seasonal rearing

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1999

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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