Artificial Rearing Antimicrobials as Selecting Factors of Adh Alleles in Bactrocera (Dacus) oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Authors: Konstantopoulou, M. A.; Economopoulos, A. P.; Raptopoulos, D. G.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 92, Number 3, June 1999 , pp. 563-568(6)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

Factors affecting allele frequencies of the alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) during colonization of natural Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin) populations were investigated. The degree of implication of adult and larval diet antimicrobials to the drastic selection of the Adh-I allele observed under artificial rearing was examined using insects from natural populations. Biological indicators such as pupal recovery and adult emergence are differentially affected when larvae of the 3 homozygous Adh allele strains are reared on diet not containing specific antimicrobial agents. Screening with 6 antimicrobial agents revealed differences in the microflora between the 3 homozygous Adh allele strains. The results presented herewith indicate that antimicrobials play a key role to the selection end-effect, interfering with the equilibrium between naturally and non-naturally occurring microorganisms, and their insect host.

Keywords: Adh; Bactrocera oleae; antimicrobials; artificial rearing

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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