Host and Host Age Preference of Trichogramma galloi and T. pretiosum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) Reared on Different Hosts
Authors: Monje, Juan Carlos; Zebitz, Claus P. W.; Ohnesorge, Bernhart
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 92, Number 1, February 1999 , pp. 97-103(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Experiments were conducted to investigate the host and host age preference of Trichogramma galloi Zucchi and T. pretiosum Riley when reared from the eggs of Diatraea rufescens Box (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), D. saccharalis F., or Sitotroga cerealella Olivier (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). The effect of the host on host preference was weak or absent, because the majority of the test females of both Trichogramma species attacked eggs of a certain host first. T. galloi females did not recognize eggs of S. cerealella as a potential host, suggesting that females of this species need additional olfactory cues for host recognition. Furthermore, relative host size had a noticeable effect on choice of the first host by T. galloi. The larger eggs of D. rufescens were preferred over eggs of D. saccharalis. This was not the same for females of T. pretiosum ; the majority of them attacked the small eggs of S. cerealella first. Eggs of D. rufescens were accepted to a lesser extent and eggs of D. saccharalis were rejected. In choice experiments, females of T. galloi consistently preferred younger eggs of D. rufescens over older ones. In nonchoice situations, only 4-d-old host eggs were parasitized less commonly by both T. galloi and T. pretiosum and had a lower number of progeny allocated to them. Five-day-old hosts were never parasitized. Nevertheless, there was a clear-cut relation between host age and time lapse before the 1st host acceptance. The implications of these results for learning in Trichogramma and for candidate species selection in biological control are discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 1999
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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