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Trapping Females of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Israel: Comparison of Lures and Trap Type

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Abstract:

We studied the effectiveness of 4 trap types and 3 female attractant baits for the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The traps were the International Pheromone McPhail trap, an open-bottom cylindrical trap; Frutect trap; and the Ga'aton trap. The 3 female attractants tested were Naziman, which is a locally produced protein hydrolyzate; a proprietary liquid protein that is used in the Frutect trap; and a 3-component food-based synthetic attractant composed of ammonium acetate, putrescine, and trimethylamine. Our results ranked the trap and attractant performances as follows: IP-McPhail trap baited with the synthetic attractant> Frutect baited with proprietary lure> cylindrical trap baited with the synthetic attractant> IP-McPhail trap baited with Naziman and Ga'aton baited with either the synthetic attractant or with Naziman. In subsequent tests, the substitution of the synthetic attractant for the proprietary protein bait increased the numbers of C. capitata captured in both IP-McPhail trap and Frutect, and improved C. capitataspecificity in IP-McPhail traps. Equal numbers of fruit flies were captured in IP-McPhail traps and Frutect traps baited with the synthetic attractant; however, a higher percentage of the flies captured by the IP-McPhail trap were females. Thus, an IP-McPhail trap baited with the synthetic attractant caught the most female C. capitata among the trap and lure combinations tested.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1998

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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