Control Experiments with Yellow Jacket Wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Injuring Cattle in Israel
Authors: BRAVERMAN, YEHUDA; CHlZOV-GINZBURG, ALEKSEY; YERUHAM, ISRAEL; KOLSKY, OFER; SARAN, ARTHUR
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 91, Number 2, April 1998 , pp. 486-491(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Injuries caused by the German yellow jacket Vespula germanica F. to dry and lactating dairy cows (Bas tourus) in 5 herds in Israel were monitored and adversely affected ≤ 65% of the cows. Elimination of large alternative protein sources (placentas, sewage containing milk from the milking parlor), and prebaiting with high-quality minced meat (01' fish) in adequate numbers of baiting cages around the dairy farm for several days, are necessary for successful control. Significant control was achieved after a shorter period of time when the dairy farm was surrounded by a smaller area of uncultivated land than by a larger area. At some dairy farms there were significant differences among numbers of wasps visiting the various cage sites and significant variability between baiting days. Efficient and significant control was achieved by minced meat bait containing 1.5% acephate (orthene) and 2% micro encapsulated diazinon (Antikan). Wasps were totally repelled by minced meat bait containing 2.25% of a plant-derived bioinsecticide derived from Meliaceae (Ag100).The potential of using Ag 1000 for repelling yellow jackets from teats and udders of dairy cows is discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 1998
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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