Novel Application of Gels as Potential Carriers for Beneficial Insects
Authors: JENKINS, DANIEL J.; HOUGH-GOLDSTEIN, JUDITH; PESEK, JR, JOHN D.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 91, Number 2, April 1998 , pp. 419-427(9)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Seven agricultural gels were tested as potential carriers for the eggs of 2 predators, Perillus bioculatus (F.) and Podisus maculiventris (Say) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Gels were tested for their effects on egg hatch in petri dishes, covered and uncovered, using 3 viscosities. Egg hatch in petri dishes was generally higher in polyacrylamide gels (Aquastore F and Terra-sorb GB) and starch-based gels (SGP 104K and Water lock B-100) than in hydroxycellulose-based N-Gel or alginate-based Keltose. Egg hatch was lower in covered versus uncovered dishes, and also lower in high viscosity versus low or medium viscosity gels; however, high viscosities were necessary to stick eggs to plant leaves. Four gels from the petri dish trials were tested on eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) and potato plants (Solanum tuberosumL.) in the greenhouse using both predators. The polyacrylamide gels (Aquastore F and Terra-sorb GB) conSistently resulted in the highest percentage hatch: hatch rates using these gels were equivalent to the control for P. maculiventris on eggplant, and 19- 46%lower than controls on other predator-plant combinations. Hatch data from eggs stored with and without Aquastore F or Terra-sorb GB at 5, 10, or 15 for 5, 10, or 15 d were compared with those stored at 25, with and without gel. Eggs stored in gel did not hatch. Percentage hatch of eggs of both predators stored without gel was lowered by increased storage duration, but was less affected by temperature. Gel amendments (H2O2 and spreader/stickers) decreased hatch rates in gels. Possible explanations for the varying effects of the gels on egg hatch are discussed. Delivery of predator eggs in gels in the future may have practical use in augmentative biological control programs.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1, 1998
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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