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Use of a Surrogate Stem for Eliciting Ovipositional Response of Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae

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A surrogate stem made of wax paper elicited optimum ovipositional response from Busseola fusca (Fuller). It closely resembled a maize stem with intact leafs heaths, which provided physical stimuli necessary for B. fusca egg laying, and facilitated quick recovery of eggs. B. fusca females readily inserted their ovipositors into spaces between the surrogate stem and leafsheaths and laid eggs in linear rows. In both choice or no-choice ovipositional tests, gravid females laid equal or higher numbers of eggs on the surrogate stems than on susceptible INB-A maize stems. The method has facilitated the mass rearing of B. fusca and bioassays of plant allelochemicals to the insect ovipositional response.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1997

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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