Occurrence of Insecticide Resistant Greenbugs (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma, and Colorado and Suggestions for Management

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Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to resolve esterase isozymes that were related to insecticide resistance in green bug, Schizaphis graminum (Rondani). This report documents the occurrence of esterase polymorphisms in the Midwest and assesses differences in regional occurrences. In total, 13,863 individual greenbugs from Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma, and Colorado were tested between 1991 and 1995. The occurrence of resistant green bugs appeared to be greatest in the southwest crop reporting district of Kansas and the north plains crop reporting district of Texas. The overall incidence of pattern 1 resistant green bugs declined from 7.1% in 1991 to <1% in 1994 and 1995. Pattern 2 resistant greenbug occurrence varied from year to year (5.7-29.8%). Several explanations for the spatial occurrence of resistant greenbugs and several techniques for managing resistant greenbug populations are offered.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1997

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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