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Application of Ultra-Low-Volume Malathion by Air-Assisted Ground Sprayer for Boll Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Control

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Abstract:

During 1994 and 1995, tests of ultra-low-volume applications of insecticides conducted on cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L., at Stoneville, MS, evaluated the effectiveness of malathion applied with a new technology in ground application, the air-assisted ultra-low-volume ground sprayer. Two tests conducted in 1994 determined the effectiveness of ultra-low-volume applications of malathion (91%) with and without cottonseed oil and established effective malathion rates against boll weevils ,Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman. An emulsifiable concentrate (EC) formulation of azinphosmethyl was used as a standard. In 1995, ultra-low-volume malathion (95%) was applied at 1.36 and 1.02 kg (AI)/ha plus cottonseed oil in a total volume of 1.17 liter/ha. These treatments were compared with a 1.12kg (AI)/ha rate of an EC formulation of malathion applied with water in a total volume of 46.8 liter/ha. In the 1994 insecticide comparison test, ultra-low-volume malathion treatments resulted in 70% mortality throughout the 48-h test period, whereas mortality from the azinphosmethyl standard steadily decreased from 71% at 4 h after treatment to 12% at 48 h after treatment. In the 1994 malathion rate test, 1.30 and 0.98 kg (AI)/ha produced mortalities comparable to those of azinphosmethyl at 0.28 kg (AI)/ha. In 1995, 48-h mortalities at 24 and 48 h after treatment were highest for the rate at 1.36 kg (AI)/ha (99 and 90%, respectively), followed by the rate at 1.02 kg (AI)/ha (78 and 54%, respectively), and lowest in the EC formulation treatment (28 and 21%, respectively). There were no differences in mortality at 72 h after treatment. The air-assisted ground sprayer permitted application of insecticides at considerably lower volumes than a conventional hydraulic ground sprayer and also permitted a reduction in the current rate of ultra-low-volume malathion required for effective boll weevil control.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1997

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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