Comparison of the Development and Fecundity of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) in South Africa and Hungary

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Abstract:

Several life history parameters (nymphal development time, prereproductive period, reproductive period, postreproductive period, total life span, total fecundity, and age specific natality) of Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko) from South Africa and Hungary were compared on 2 South African wheat varieties ('Betta', which is D. noxia-susceptible,and 'SST 333', which is D. noxia-resistant) and 1 Hungarian spring barley variety ('Isis', which is D. noxia-susceptible). Nymphal development time, reproductive period, and total life span were significantly longer in Hungary than in South Africa. South African nymphs developed to adults between 9.3 and 9.7 d, whereas those in Hungary took 10.7-11.1 d (the ranges indicatnoxiae variation in mean values among host plant species). The adult reproductive period lasted 22.9- 24.0 d in South Africa and 35.2-37.1 d in Hungary. Total life span was 41.7-45.2 d in South Africa and 52.0-52.2 in Hungary. Total fecundity was significantly higher in South Africa (67.1- 75.1) than in Hungary (53.0-62.2) on Betta, SST 333, and Isis. Hungarian D. noxia not only produced fewer nymphs but took much longer to do so; therefore, it is possible that the Russian wheat aphid in South Africa would reach economic thresholds in the field sooner than in Hungary.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1997

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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