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Effect of Substerilizing Doses of Radiation on Sperm Precedence in Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

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Abstract:

The effect of radiation on sperm priority and mixing patterns in the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith), was studied by sequentially mating females with irradiated (100 and 150 Gy) and normal males. Progeny of irradiated males were identified by visible chromosomal aberrations in the testes. Twice-mated females produced more progeny fathered by irradiated males when irradiated males received a 100-Gy dose than when males received a 150-Gy dose, and exhibited incomplete last-male sperm precedence with extensive sperm mixing. Mating sequence had no significant effect on the number of oviposition days in which sperm mixing occurred. Also, the day of oviposition (days subsequent to the last mating) had no significant effect on sperm priority and mixing patterns. However, when females exhibited sperm mixing, the mean percentage of progeny fathered by irradiated males was significantly higher when males were irradiated with 100 Gy than when males were irradiated with 150 Gy. Sperm complements from males irradiated with 100 Gy were successfully competitive with sperm complements from normal males, but there was a reduction in sperm competitiveness from males irradiated with 150 Gy.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1997

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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