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Increased Susceptibility of Pyrethroid-Resistant Tobacco Budworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to Chlorfenapyr

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Chlorfenapyr is a new pyrrole insecticide with a new mode of action. Its toxicity to adult Heliothis virescens (F.) is negatively correlated with cypermethrin toxicity by the equation y = 1.065x + 3.513 (r = 0.97), where x = log LC50 cypermethrin, y = log LC50 chlorfenapyr. Chlorfenapyr was most toxic to adults of a pyrethroid-resistant strain (LC50 = 70.1 µg per vial in adult vial tests at 48 h). The negative correlation was not observed in neonate fed with chlorfenapyr impregnated diet. Cross-resistance to chlorfenapyr in Pyrethroid-R larvae was 2.3-fold with the diet method, compared with 28-fold resistance to cypermethrin. Cross-resistance was only significant in diet tests. Chlorfenapyr was as effective as insecticides registered for cotton against H. virescens. Inheritance data showed that only I allele is necessary from the Pyrethroid-R strain to produce complete susceptibility to chlorfenapyr in adults. The susceptibility to chlorfenapyr is a dominant trait, and the resistance to chlorfenapyr is a recessive trait. In a backcross experiment, one-half the progeny were highly susceptible to chlorfenapyr and one-half were highly resistant, indicating segregation of a single factor. The mechanism for this effect could be caused by pleiotropy (i.e., a gene for pyrethroid resistance controls increased detoxication to cypermethrin while also increasing the susceptibility of chlorfenapyr). The pyrethroid-resistant gene is likely to be identical to, or closely linked to, the gene that gives increased susceptibility to chlorfenapyr.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1997

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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