Distribution Pattern and Sampling of Eggs of the Western Hemlock Looper (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) in Mature Western Hemlock Stands

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An egg sampling study of the western hemlock looper, Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa (Hulst), was conducted in mature western hemlock stands from 1992 to 1994 in British Columbia, Canada. Egg density of the looper was homogenous within a tree crown, Suggesting that lower-crown sampling is effective for egg density estimation on the entire tree. Both the Taylor power law and the Iwao patchiness regression described egg distribution as aggregated. This aggregated distribution was further delineated as negative binomial distribution by chi-square test. Based on the Iwao model, the optimal sample size required to reach a predetermined precision level was calculated. To reduce egg-counting time, the relationship between mean egg density and proportion of lichen samples containing a specified number of eggs was established. The effect of tree height, diameter at breast height, crown width, crown length, and presence of heartrot on egg density was also examined. The results indicated no significant effect on egg density of these variables.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 1996

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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