Green Peach Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Resistance to Endosulfan in Peach and Nectarine Orchards in Washington State

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The insecticides esfenvalerate, chlorpyrifos and endosulfan were used in diagnostic dose assays with clonal populations of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), collected as fundatrices from peach and nectarine orchards near Yakima and the Tri Cities in Washington State. Frequency distributions of clonal mortalities were unimodal for esfenvalerate and chlorpyrifos. In contrast, a distinctly multimodal distribution of clonal mortalities was observed for endosulfan, which indicates the presence of 2 or more classes of insecticide tolerance. Dose-response lines for 4 clones chosen for their responses in the diagnostic doses study showed resistance ratios of 16-26 for endosulfan. These ratios are high enough to explain occasionally reported field failures of endosulfan. Dose-response lines for 6 clones to esfenvalerate showed small resistance ratios (maximum, 3.2) and were inconsistent with resistance levels of practical significance. There was no correlation within clones in their responses to endosulfan or esfenvalerate compared with chlorpyrifos but there was a slight, but significant, correlation in responses to endosulfan and esfenvalerate. It appears that the mechanism of resistance to the cyclodiene insecticide, endosulfan, is novel and not gene amplification of carboxylesterase E4.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1996

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