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α-Amylase Activities in Larval Midgut Extracts from Four Species of Lepidoptera (Tortricidae and Gelechiidae): Response to pH and to Inhibitors from Wheat, Barley, Kidney Bean, and Streptomyces

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Abstract:

Levels of α-amylase activity between 0.6 and 5.0 ┬Ámoles maltose minute-1 gram insect-1 occurred in larval midgut extracts from 4 species of lepidopterous pests-light brown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana (Walker), Planotortrix octo (Dugdale), and Ctenopseustis Obliquana (Walker) are pests of apple leaves and fruit, and potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea Operculella (Zeller), is a pest of potato tubers and foliage. Activity response curves described the optima for activity at a highly alkaline pH range (pH 10.5 in leafrollers and pH 9.5 in potato tuber moth). This result is consistent with the known high midgut pH in other species of Lepidoptera and with the pH optima of their digestive proteases. The 3 wheat derived α-amylase inhibitors inhibited enzyme activities of all 4 species of Lepidoptera, but the other 3 (barley tetramer, Streptomljces, and kidney bean inhibitors) had no effect. Wheat dimeric inhibitor (30 ┬ÁM) completely inhibited α-amylase activity in potato tuber moth midgut extracts.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 1996

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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