Effect of Thrips tabaci (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on Yellow Onion Yields and Economic Thresholds for Its Management
Authors: FOURNIER, FRANÇOIS; BOIVIN, GUY; STEWART, ROBIN K.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 88, Number 5, October 1995 , pp. 1401-1407(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The proper management of onion thrips, Thrips tabaci Lindeman, on yellow onions requires the determination of their effect on yields and the establishment of an economic threshold. In field plot experiments, we observed no difference in onion thrips population densities among 6 yellow onion cultivars during 1988 and 1989. Onion thrips infestations resulted in onion yield losses of 43 and 34.5% with maximum seasonal averages of 149.2 and 172.0 thrips per plant in untreated plots in 1988 and 1989, respectively. No effect on onion yields was observed in 1990 when seasonal thrips densities did not exceed 35.2 thrips per plant. The effect of thrips on onion yields was best described by nonlinear models and by the use of the cumulative number of thrips-days per plant as a measure of thrips pressure. Plants were relatively insensitive to thrips feeding early and late in phenological development. Important differences in the onion plant response to thrips damage were observed between 1988 and 1989. These differences were likely linked with the duration and intensity of the water deficit recorded during both seasons. Economic thresholds of 2.2 and 0.9 thrips per leaf were estimated during the summers of 1988 and 1989, respectively. These thresholds can be used for onions sold at harvest or stored because costs associated with storage are compensated for by a higher return price. The use of the 0.9 thrips per leaf economic threshold in 1990 would have resulted in unnecessary treatments, making this threshold suitable for severe drought situations only.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 1995
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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