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Damage Relationships of Japanese Beetle and Southern Masked Chafer (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Grubs in Cool-Season Turfgrasses

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Abstract:

Relative tolerance to root herbivory by 3rd-instar Japanese beetle, Popillia japcnica Newman, and southern masked chafer, Cyclocephala lurida Bland, grubs was evaluated in turfgrass plots of Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis L., perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L., creeping bentgrass, Agrostis palrtstris (Hudson), hard fescue, Festuca ovina L. var. durillscllla, and both Acremonium endophyte-infected and endophyte-free tall fescue, Festuca arundinacea Schreber. Field enclosures and rooting boxes were infested with densities of grubs ranging from 0 to 60 per 0.1 m2, and effects on aesthetic quality, canopy temperature, foliage yield, and root strength were measured. Damage thresholds were variable but appeared to be milch higher in all grasses than the rule-of-thumb estimates commonly used in the turf industry. Initial densities of at least 15-20 grubs per 0.lm2 were reqllired to cause any reduction in aesthetic quality of most turfgrasses, and in some cases, initial densities of 60 grubs per 0.1 m2 caused no apparent damage. Canopy temperatures were not consistently correlated with density of grubs. Damage by C. lurida was greater in endophyte-free than in endophyteinfested tall fescue in some trials and was greater than, or equal to, that of P. japonica in all grasses. Variability in the turfgrass system complicates prediction of turf grass damage based solely on grub density.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1995

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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