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Response of Adult Lymantriid Moths to Illumination Devices in the Russian Far East

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Abstract:

In field studies in the Russian Far East, five types of illuminating devices were evaluated for attracting adult gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.), pink gypsy moth, L. mathura Moore, and nun moth, L. monacha (L.). Our objective was to determine if light from commercial lamps suited to out-of-doors floodlighting could be modified to reduce their attractiveness to moths Without a reduction of illumination. During 17 nights of tests, fluorescent blacklight lamps captured significantly more adults than either phosphor mercury or high-pressure sodium lamps. Captures were slightly higher for phosphor mercury than high-pressure sodium lamps but both were unattractive to all three iymantriids after the addition of filters that blocked spectral emissions <480 nm. Daily temporal periodicity, based on adult captures at lights, resulted in distinct activity patterns for the three lymantriids. Peak activity for L. dispar was between 2300 and 0100 hours; for L.mathura, 0100-0300 hours; and 0.300- 0.'500 hours for L. monacha. Temporal activity patterns suggest that L. dispar and L. monacha possess nonoverlapping diel rhythms, whereas L. mathura overlaps broadly With both L. dispar and L. monacha

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1995

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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