The Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is one of 13 insect and mite species in which development of insecticide resistance has become "critical." In this paper, we review methods for controlling this important agricultural pest while managing insecticide resistance. Many of these strategies were incorporated into an integrated pest management (IPM) program for northeastern potato growers and encapsulated in a knowledge-based expert system (PotatoES). Three years of field trails evaluating the IPM expert system's ability to act as a surrogate for a human specialist, its capability to manage Colorado potato beetle resistance development in experimental and commercial fields, and its impact on crop yields and production economics were conducted. Comparison of management recommendations made by PotatoES with those of a human IPM specialist demonstrated a high degree of agreement. Under experimental field conditions, Colorado potato beetle insecticide resistance development was always best managed in populations controlled with the IPM program. In commercial production settings, the expert system resulted in similar (under low insect pressure) or superior (under higher insect pressure) control of resistance development compared with grower practices. Implementation of the IPM program in commercial production was more expensive than standard practices, but resulted in higher crop yields and greater net profits. These results demonstrate the potential utility of know ledge-based approaches to integrated resistance management by showing that these systems can capture and faithfully represent the specialized crop, insect, and disease management knowledge of experienced individuals; manage resistance better than traditional insecticide application regimes; manage a crop profitably; and be practically used as a treatment in a field trial and, as such, be validated in terms of their worth in agricultural decision support.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1994
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Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.