Economic Injury Levels to Field Corn from Slug (Stylommatophora: Agrolimacidae) Feeding
Authors: BYERS, ROBERT A.; CALVIN, DENNIS D.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 87, Number 5, October 1994 , pp. 1345-1350(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Slugs are important corn pests, but little is known about how their feeding on corn seedlings affects grain yields. Individual corn plants were infested with juvenile slugs, Deroceras reticulatum (Müeller), at four densities at the following three stages of growth: before seedling emergence and at the two- and four-leaf stage. Feeding injury to corn seedlings by slugs was scored visually for leaf area loss. Yield of roots, stalks, and grain (Y) was regressed against maximum injury estimates (X). Considerable plant mortality resulted from the highest slug density (50/0.1 m2) in 1989. Therefore, lower initial densities (up to 20/0.1 m2) were used in the following 2 yr to study the effects of sublethal injury. Less plant mortality resulted from the lower initial slug densities used in 1990 and 1991. A significant linear relationship between yield of grain and maximum leaf injury occurred in 1989.A quadratic regression equation best described significant losses in grain yield from slug feeding in the combined years of 1990and 1991.The linear and quadratic equations were used to establish economic injury levels (ElLs) relative to the cost of slug control and the value of the corn crop. ElLs ranged from 2 to 20% defoliation by slugs in 1989, which was a warm, wet season. ElLs ranged from 39 to 59% defoliation by slugs in the combined years 1990-1991, which was characterized as cool and dry in 1990and warm and dry in 1991.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 1994
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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