Volatile Chemicals for Thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) Host- Finding and Applications for Thrips Pest Management
Authors: TEULON, DAVID A. J.; PENMAN, DAVID R.; RAMAKERS, PIERRE M. J.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 86, Number 5, October 1993 , pp. 1405-1415(11)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The effect of the addition of volatile chemicals to water traps was examined for adult thrips species in New Zealand and the Netherlands. The chemicals ethyl nicotinate (3-pyridinecarboxylic acid), p-anisaldehyde (4-methoxybenzaldehyde), and benzaldehyde (benzoic aldehyde) increased trap capture (up to 35 times) for a number of flowerinhabiting thripid adults. Ethyl nicotinate increased trap capture of the New Zealand flower thrips, Thrips obscuratus (Crawford), by >100 times. The addition of ethyl nicotinate to water traps for early-season monitoring of T. obscuratus in a nectarine orchard significantly increased capture of adult male and female thrips (up to 27 times), and on several occasions thrips were caught in traps with ethyl nicotinate before traps without ethyl nicotinate. The addition of p-anisaldehyde to sticky boards for control trapping of the western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande), in glasshouses increased capture of adult females between 1.8 and 6 times. Behavioral responses for thrips hostfinding are discussed with emphasis on the use of volatile chemicals for thrips pest management.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1993-10-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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