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Performance of Nymphs and Adults of the Southern Green Stink Bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) Exposed to Soybean Pods at Different Phenological Stages of Development

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Abstract:

The southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.), showed variable performance when reared on soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill, pods from different stages of plant development. Plant stages examined included R3 (beginning pod), R4 (full pod), R5 (beginning seed), R6 (full seed), R7 (beginning maturity), and R8 (full maturity). Nymphal survivorship was greatest on pods from stages R6 or later, and nymphal stadia were shortest on stage R5. In general, adult longevity, survivorship, oviposition, body weight, and body lipid gain were highest when reared on R7 pods. These results, coupled with previous observations of N. viridula vigor in laboratory colonies and population abundance in fields, suggest that soybean pods at R7 are the most suitable food.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1993

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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