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Laboratory and Field Evaluation of Neem for the Control of Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae)

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Laboratory and field trials with formulated neem seed oil (NSO) and neem seed extract (NSE) demonstrated that these materials are effective aphicides. NSO sprays to intact plants in the laboratory resulted in significant reductions in numbers of green peach aphids, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), on peppers and rutabagas; currant-lettuce aphids, Nasonovia ribisnigri (Mosley), on lettuce; and strawberry aphids, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii (Cockerell), on strawberry. NSO reduced aphid numbers in a dose-dependent manner, with estimated concentrations for a 50% reduction in aphid populations (EC50) ranging from 0.2 to 1.4%. Under field conditions, NSO and NSE treatments were as effective as the botanical insecticide pyrethrum for control of aphids on pepper and strawberry, but ineffective for the control of aphids on lettuce. The effectiveness of neem appears to be influenced by the host plant, the aphid species, and weather conditions.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1993

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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