High Levels of Pyrethroid Resistance in Horn Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) Selected with Cyhalothrin

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Abstract:

Lambdacyhalothrin cattle ear tags controlled horn fly, Haematobia irritans (L.), for 14 wks or longer during 1986-1988 in Georgia, USA. In 1989 and 1990, control of <50 horn flies per side of cow was achieved for $4 wk because of high levels of pyrethroid resistance in horn flies selected with lambdacyhalothrin. The highest resistance ratios (RRs) were seen in 1989. These were 498 for lambdacyhalothrin; 92,000 for fenvalerate; and 54 for permethrin. RRs for cypermethrin as high as 8,800 were estimated in 1990when the RR for fenvalerate was only 1,060.No cross-resistance to diazinon was detected. These high levels of pyrethroid resistance seem to have a large component of metabolic resistance. Synergistic coefficients as high as 3,600 were determined by addition of nonlethal amounts of piperonyl butoxide. Resistance development in a no-pyrethroid-use area indicates movements of 2:3km by sufficient numbers of horn flies can significantly change the RR.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1992

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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