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Effect of Synthetic Queen Mandibular Pheromone Sprays on Honey Bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Pollination of Berry Crops

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Honey bee, Apis mellifera L., queen mandibular pheromone was applied to blocks of cranberry, Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait., and blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum L., by helicopter and air-blast sprayer, respectively. The number of bees attracted was both dose and crop dependent. Concentrations of 100 queen equivalents (QEQ) [AI]/ha of pheromone were most effective in attracting honey bee foragers to cranberry. On blueberry, concentrations of 100 or 1,000 QEQ [AI]/ha of pheromone were attractive to bees. Concentrations of 10,000 QEQ [AI]/ha were unattractive to bees foraging on either crop. Applications of pheromone increased yield and total revenues by up to $8,804/ha on cranberry and $986/ha on blueberry. However, the pheromone was not economical to apply under all situations.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1992

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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