Growth and Survival of House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) Response to Selected Physical and Chemical Properties of Poultry Manure
Responses of house fly, Musca domestica L., to variations in the physical and chemical properties of poultry manure were measured by rearing flies at different densities (0.2, 0.4, or 1.0 g manure per larva) in one of three manure types (M1, M2, M3) collected from laying hens fed different amounts of nitrogen (N), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and sodium (Na). Manure type significantly influenced larval survival, pupal mass, the numbers of emerging adult flies, and the survival of females through the first quartile of adult life but did not affect fecundity or natality. When the effects of manure type were averaged across larval density, type M2 (average 78% H20, 1.31% N, 2.04% Ca, 0.48% P, 0.54% potassium [K]; pH 6.5) conferred optimum survival, pupal mass, and emergence responses; type M3 (83% H20, 1.07% N, 1.20% Ca, 0.33% P, 0.40% K; pH 6.6) conferred poorest responses. House fly responses to type Ml (average: 80% H20, 1.32%N, 0.95% Ca, 0.55% P, 0.53% K; pH 6.32) were intermediate to those for M2 and M3. Larval survival correlated with phosphorus levels in the manure and adult emergence was correlated with manure moisture content.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 1992
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Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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