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Strain Differences in the Response of German Cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) to Emulsifiable Concentrates

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Abstract:

The response of a susceptible and two pyrethroid-resistant field strains of the German cockroach, Blattella gennanica, to four emulsifiable concentrates (ECs)- Tempo (cyfluthrin), Demon (cypermethrin), Dursban (chlorpyrifos) LO, and XRM 5184 (chlorpyrifos)-was investigated. Application rates were 0.4, 0.1, 0.5, and 0.5%, respectively. Susceptible cockroaches avoided dried formulations of the pyrethroids Tempo and Demon, but resistant cockraoches did not; avoidance was greater with Demon than with Tempo. Filter papers freshly impregnated (wet) with Demon and Tempo flushed susceptible cockroaches (Demon> Tempo). Resistant cockroaches were flushed only by Demon, but less so than susceptible strain cockroaches. No mortality occurred in experiments with the pyrethroids. Dried formulations of Dursban LO and XRM 5184 had little, if any, repellency to nymphs of either the susceptible or resistant strains. Initially (1-3 h), most cockroaches settled on treated papers. Subsequent movement off treated papers was a step in the process leading to knockdown. At 24 h, mortality of susceptible cockroaches was 100% in the experiment with Dursban LO and 95% in the experiment with XRM 5184. Highest mortality in a resistant strain (40%) was in the contact experiment with Dursban LO. In contact repellency and flushing experiments, mortality was higher with Dursban LO than with XRM 5184. Neither chlorpyrifos formulation flushed cockroaches effectively. Mortality in flushing experiments was less than in the contact repellency experiments.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1992

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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