Evaluation of Field Propagation of Muscidifurax zaraptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for Control of Flies Associated with Confined Beef Cattle
Authors: PETERSEN, J. J.; WATSON, D. W.; PAWSON, B. M.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 85, Number 2, April 1992 , pp. 451-455(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The parasitic wasp Muscidifurax zaraptor Kogan& Legner was mass-reared in the field to control house flies, Musca domestica L., on two Nebraska beef cattle confinements. About 50,000 freeze-killed house fly pupae were exposed to a single release of M. zaraptor in the field. Placement of six additional cohorts of 50,000 freeze-killed pupae at the release sites at 2-wk intervals resulted in a mean parasite emergence of 56.4% over the study period. Mean fly mortality of 37.3 and 25.9% occurred in sentinel pupae placed around the perimeter oftwo release sites, compared with 3.9% for two control sites. We demonstrated a negative correlation between host reduction in sentinel cohorts and distances the cohorts were placed from parasite release sites. However, data indicated that other environmental factors also influenced the success of M. zaraptor in locating sentinel hosts. Correlation between mortality in sentinel pupae and numbers of parasites released was not evident. Temperatures above =28 appeared to reduce the effectiveness of M. zaraptor.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: April 1992
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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