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Gel Extenders in Larval Diet of Cochliomyia hominivorax (Diptera: Calliphoridae)

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Larvae of the screwwoml, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), were reared on meridic diets containing ground corncob material (grit) in test 1and the cob grit or sawdust in test 2 to reduce or replace the amount of an expensive synthetic copolymer gelling agent. Biological parameters for the tests included pupal yield (total number), pupal weight (size), pupal malformation, adult emergence, adult malformation, egg weight, and egg hatch to assess for any Significant differences. In the first test, larval propagation was successful for five consecutive generations on 24 of an original 37 formulations. Results indicate that a minimum concentration of 4% of the cob grit is needed to reduce the gel by 50%; at least 8% concentration is needed to reduce the gel by 80%; and at least 12% concentration is needed to replace the gel completely. In the second test, the larvae were successfully propagated for five consecutive generations when the copolymer gel was reduced by 50 or 75% in the diet by using either sawdust or the no. 60 cob grit size. The cost savings and applications of use of sawdust or the cob grit incorporated into the larval diet can be beneficial to a mass-production screwworm program.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1992

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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