Evaluation of Two Leafhopper Sampling Methods for Predicting the Incidence of a Leafhopper-Transmitted Virus of Maize

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Abstract:

Two sampling methods for estimating the abundance of corn leafhopper, Dalbulus maidis Delong & Wolcott, were evaluated for predicting the incidence of maize rayado fino virus (MRFV), a virus transmitted to maize in a persistent manner by D. maidis. Leafhoppers were sampled weekly using both counts of insects on plants and yellow sticky traps in maize planted at two densities, and the incidence of MRFV was recorded twice during that period. There were fewer leaf110 ppersper plant, a lower incidence of MRFV, and fewer virus-infected plants per square meter in maize planted at a higher density, but there were no differences in the number of leafhoppers caught per trap or in the number of leafhoppers per square meter. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the number of leafhoppers per plant was a reliable predictor of disease incidence, but no relationship between trap catch and disease incidence could be detected. These results suggest that counts of vectors on plants may be more reliable than sticky traps for predicting the incidence of persistently transmitted plant pathogens.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1992

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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