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Measuring Cypermethrin Resistance in the German Cockroach (Orthoptera: Blattellidae)

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Abstract:

Cypemlethrin resistance in the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.), was assessed by tests of surface contact and topical application. Topical application provided the most sensitive measure of resistance in a field strain. The resistance ratio (RR) measured by topical application was 122.6 for cypemlethrin at LD50' As measured by surface contact, the resistance ratio at KT50 was 2.9. Differences between the walking movement of cockroaches of susceptible (VPI) and field (RHA) strains on deposits of cypermethrin influenced KT50values. A bioassay with unrestricted movement resulted in RHA strain cockroaches accumulating a larger dose on the tarsal pads and subsequent reduction of the resistance ratio at KT50' Less walking by the VPI sb'ain resulted in less insecticide accumulation on their tarsal pads. On a bioassay in which movement was restricted, the amount of insecticide accumulating on the tarsi was equalized, resulting in an increased resistance ratio at KT50' Differences in susceptibility were more accurately measured when the two strains were topically treated (either on the thorax or the tarsal pads) with known doses of insecticide.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1992

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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