Effects of Disodium Octaborate Tetrahydrate on Survival, Behavior, and Egg Viability of Adult Muscoid Flies (Diptera: Muscidae)
Authors: Mullens, Bradley A.; Rodriguez, John L.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 85, Number 1, February 1992 , pp. 137-143(7)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Disodium octaborate tetrahydrate (Na2BsOI3'4H20) was mixed with sugar and fed to adult Musca domestica L. and Fannia cal1icularis (L.) to determine concentration- mortality relationships. LCsos (48-h exposure) were 5.7% for M. domestica and 1.0% for F. canicularis. Rates of 1 and 2%were used to test effects on M. domestica mortality and egg hatch over an 8-d period. Reduced egg hatch was evident after 1 d of feeding on the treated mixtures and was greatest «10%egg hatch) after flies fed only on treated mixtures for 2 d. A partial rebound in egg hatch occurred after 3-4 d of feeding on treated diet. Sperm motility in females fed treated sugar was apparently normal. Fertile eggs placed on treated poultry manure did not hatch, indicating embryonic death, which also may have been involved in the low hatch of eggs observed from treated flies. When flies were exposed to treated sugar for 2 d then returned to untreated diet, delayed mortality effects and reduced egg hatch persisted for at least 3 d. Behavioral assays (feeding) with M. domestica demonstrated that flies rejected borate-sugar mixtures in favor of sugar alone when the concentration of borate was >2%. Given a choice of treated and untreated poultry manure for oviposition, flies also rejected the treated manure. The potential of borates in adult bait formulations or applied to developmental substrates for fly control is discussed.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1992-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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