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Insecticide Treatments Used Against a Rice Bloodworm, Chironomus tepperi (Diptera: Chironomidae): Toxicity and Residual Effects in Water

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Abstract:

The toxicity and persistence in water of six organophosphate insecticide treatments used for control of Chironomus tepperi Skuse was evaluated. Each insecticide was applied to three rice bays (20 by 4 m) at the maximum recommended field rate. Fourth-instar C. tepperi were tested with water samples taken at various intervals after insecticide application. All treatments caused high (>97%) initial mortality of larvae with the exception of diazinon (0.13 ppm; average initial mortality, 47.3%). Temephos (0.06 ppm) showed the least residual activity, with no mortality occurring 5 d after application. Chlorfenvinphos (0.27 ppm) had the longest residual effect in water, resulting in 61.5% mortality 15 dafter application but only nominal activity at 20 d. The remaining treatments, diazinon, chlorpyrifos (0.08 ppm), trichlorfon (0.47 ppm), and malathion (0.32 ppm), provided <10% mortality after 7 d.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1991

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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