If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Detection and Mechanisms of Russian Wheat Aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) Resistance in Barley

$28.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

A collection of 524 barley lines from areas of the world where the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphts nona (Mordvilko),and barley, Hordeum vulgare L., have coexisted was evaluated for sympatric resistance to this pest. Mass screening tests were conducted in a growth chamber and greenhouse with seedlingsplanted in flats. Additional teststo determine the mechanisms of resistance were performed with nine of these lines. The lines and their sources are PI 366444, PI 366447, PI 366449, PI 366450 , PI 366453 (Afghanistan); CI 1412, PI 430140, PI 430142 (Iran); and PI 447219 (Spain). Various levels of antibiosis and tolerance were exhibited in most of the lines tested in comparison with 'Wintermalt' (CI 15767), the susceptible control. For example, in the antibiosis test, an average of 27.3 nymphs per adult were produced on PI 366449 compared with 50.0 on 'Wintermalt'. In the tolerance test, plant growth and leaf area of some of the resistant entries were not affected by the Russian wheat aphid, whereas growth and leaf area of infested 'Wintermalt' plants was only 61% of noninfested 'Wintermalt' plants. Plant survivors of these tests have been saved for developing Russian wheat aphid plant-resistant germplasm for the North American barley industry.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1991

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
  • Editorial Board
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Visit this journal's homepage
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more