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Effects of Several Insecticide Formulations on Oothecal Drop and Hatchability in German Cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae)

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Abstract:

Formulations used for control of German cockroaches, Blattella geTmanica (L.), were investigated. The insecticides tested on gravid females were bendiocarb, chlorpyrifos, cyfluthrin, cypermethrin, fenvalerate, hydramethylnon, malathion, propetamphos, propoxur, and pyrethrins. Exposure to each insecticide increased the frequency of oothecal drop and reduced the percentage oothecal hatch. The percentage of oothecae that were dropped increased as a curvilinear function of insecticide concentration. An LD"o"of propoxur to female Ge,rman cockroaches resulted in the greatest oothecal drop (83.50%); fenvalerate caused the least drop (22.60%). LD",,'sof cypermethrin, propetamphos, and propoxur resulted in 29.60, 31.807, and 37.30% hatch from dropped oothecae, respectively. The smallest percentage hatch from retained oothecae was caused by LD",,'sof propoxur (1.5%) and cyfluthrin (7.70%). Retained oothecae from females treated with an LD"o" of fenvalerate (68.70%) or pyrethrins (68.70%) had the greatest percentage hatch. Total percentage hatch (dropped and retained oothecae) declined exponentially as the insecticide concentration increased. An LDlY.) of cypermethrin limited total oothecal hatch to 24.50%, whereas LD",,'s of fenvalerate, malathion, and pyrethrins resulted in 53.60, 52.20, and 58.90% hatch, respectively. Mean time to oothecal hatch increased linearly with increasing insecticide concentration for all insecticides tested.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1991

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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