Reversion of Permethrin Resistance in Field Strains and Selection for Azinphosmethyl and Permethrin Resistance in Pink Bollworm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)
Authors: OSMAN, A. A.; WATSON, T. F.; SIVASUPRAMANIAM, S.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 84, Number 2, April 1991 , pp. 353-357(5)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Rearing of two fields strain (Marana, Yuma) of pink bollworm, Pectinophora gossyptella (Saunders),from Arizona under conditions free of insecticidesresulted in reversion of resistance (in adults) in four and five generations, respectively, to levelsclose to that found in the susceptible laboratory strain. Permethrin resistance in these field strains is unstable and is apparently in its early phase of development. Results suggest that monitoring of pink bollworm resistance in field strains reared in the laboratory should be performed in the F, generation. Subsequent selection studies were performed on both larval and adult stages to investigate the capacity of the pink bollworm to develop resistance in both life stages. Fourteen generations of selection of larvae and adults with azinphosmethyl produced 1.9- and 1.6- fold tolerance, respectively, in the adult stage. Sixteen generations of larval selection with permethrin produced 9.7-fold resistance in adults; 14 generations of adult selection produced 8.8-fold resistance in adults. Azinphosmethyl evidently possessesa low degree of selectivity for development of resistance in pink bollworm adults. Selection of larvae with both azinphosmethyl and permethrin seemed to cause higher levels of tolerance in larvae than in adults.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1991-04-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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