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Bacillus thuringiensis subs. Kurstaki Berliner was encapsulated within cornstarch granules with the feeding stimulant Coax or the UV screen Congo red and tested at two field sites against European corn borer, Ostrinia nub/lalis (Hubner), feeding in whorl stage corn. These tests were done to determine the relative effect of these additives on efficacy of starch-encapsulated B. thuringiensis. At both sites, all treatments with B. thuringiensis significantly reduced tunneling by O. nub/lalis. At one site, significant effects of addition of the phagostimulant were observed. When Coax was added at 1 or 10% of starch dry weight with 400 international units (IU) B. thuringiensis per mg dry granule weight, response of O. nub/lalis was equivalent to that obtained with granules containing no feeding stimulant and 1,600 IU/mg. Also, granules with Coax and 400 IU/mg gave a response similar to that obtained from the commercial product DipellOG formulated at 1,600 IU/mg. At the other site, the effect of phagostimulant was not significant, primarily because O. nub/lalis infestation levels were too low for precise discrimination among treatments.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1990
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Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.