Relative Toxicity of Abamectin to the Predatory Mite Phytoseiulus persimilis (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and Two spotted Spider Mite (Acari: Tetranychidae)
Authors: ZHANG, ZHI-QIANG; SANDERSON, JOHN P.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 83, Number 5, October 1990 , pp. 1783-1790(8)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:The relative toxicity of abamectin to the predator Phytoseiulus persimilis Anthias-Henriot and the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch was assessed in laboratory studies. Eggs and female adults of both species were placed on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) leaf disks dipped in several concentrations of abamectin. Abamectin was much less toxic to the predator than to the spider mite. At concentrations of 0.08-16 ppm, abamectin did not significantly affect the survival and mobility of P. persimilis, but reproduction was significantly reduced at high concentrations (8 and 16 ppm). Adult female predators survived on a diet of spider mites intoxicated with abamectin, although their reproductive rate was decreased by 27 to 53%. At 1-16 ppm, abamectin did not affect the hatch of P. persimilis eggs or the developmental time of resulting immature predators. Survival of immature predators was not significantly affected at 1-4 ppm, but was reduced to an average of 54.3% at 8 and 16 ppm. The mobility of immature P. persimilis was slightly affected only at 16ppm. Abamectin at selective sublethal concentrations (i.e., 1-4 ppm) could be of value in adjusting predator /prey ratios in integrated management of spider mites.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 1990
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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