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Pruritus and Behavior of Pigs Infested by Itch Mites Sarcoptes scabiei (Acari: Sarcoptidae)

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Abstract:

Effects of infestation by Sarcoptes scabiet (De Geer) on pruritus and other behaviors of pigs for 9-13 wk after weaning were evaluated. Regardless of the dose of mites inoculated, pigs fed ad lib. spent "0"60%of their time at rest. Within their average day, pigs spent more time eating in morning and evening, were more active and pruritic at midday, and rested most and spent the least time drinking water at night. Mite infestations increased total activity and time spent scratching and rubbing. Infested pigs sprayed with water rubbed and scratched 4-10 times more frequently than those left undisturbed or disturbed by other means. Pigs receiving inoculating doses of 1,000 mites became more pruritic than pigs receiving 100 mites, and both groups developed more pruritus than noninfested control pigs.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 1990

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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