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Bioactivity of Liriope muscari (Liliaceae) Extracts to Corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

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Abstract:

Artificial diets fortified with varying concentrations of Liriope muscari Bailey foliage and fed to corn earworm, Heliothis zea (Boddie), caused symptoms similar to those induced by consumption of the nonprotein amino acid L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid. A concentration as low as 5% (wt/vol) foliage in the diet significantly affected larval growth and development; effects were more severe in larvae reared on higher concentrations. Incorportion of foliage into the larval diet adversely affected larval survival and weight gain, number of days to pupation, percentage of normal pupation, number of days to emergence, percentage of adult emergence, rate of adult deformity, fecundity, and fertility.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1989

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  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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