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Jalysus wickhami (Hemiptera: Berytidae): Toxicity of Pesticides Applied to the Soil or in the Transplant Water of Flue-Cured Tobacco

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Abstract:

The effects of 13 pesticides applied to soil or in water at transplantation of flue-cured tobacco on spined stilt bug, lalysus wickhami Van Duzee, survival were evaluated. The experiments were done in the laboratory and field at Oxford, N.C., from 1981 to 1984. Because spined stilt bugs probe tobacco leaves and suck plant juices, they are vulnerable to systemic pesticides. The systemic materials aldicarb, carbofuran, and phenamiphos were especially toxic to these beneficial predators of tobacco pests. All other pesticides were not toxic to spined stilt bugs in field experiments, although some were toxic when applied on tobacco in glass lantern globes in the laboratory.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1989

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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