Nest Clustering as a Means of Managing Osmia sanrafaelae (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)
Author: PARKER, FRANK D.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 82, Number 2, April 1989 , pp. 401-403(3)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Small populations of the megachilid bee Osmia sanrafaelae Parker were managed in domiciles. The bees began to emerge from their overwintering cells on the same day they were removed from the cold room (3°C).Nesting began within 24 h. Fewer new bee cells (60%) were produced than were originally placed in the domiciles, perhaps because of mechanical problems with the temperature room during cold storage as indicated by 10% of the overwintering adults dying within their cocoons. Adults lived for about 30 d and provisioned their cells mostly with pollen from legumes (99% alfalfa and sweet clover). Immature mortality during the egg stage was higher in shorter nests (6 mm wide) than in longer nests (9 mm wide), but the wider nests contained more dead adults that failed to emerge. Loss of cell contents from nest associates and diseases was <2%. Female bees did not display aggressive behavior when nesting adjacent to one another.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 1989-04-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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