Resistance to Insecticides in the Common Green Lacewing Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) in Southern Ontario
Authors: PREE, D. J.; ARCHIBALD, D. E.; MORRISON, R. K.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 82, Number 1, February 1989 , pp. 29-34(6)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:Populations of Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) were resistant to a wide range of insecticides, including most of the commonly used groups (pyrethroids, organophosphorous insecticides, carbamates) used in orchards. Resistance was partially because of enhanced metabolism of pesticides by resistant C. carnea larvae. Metabolism was by oxidative and esteratic routes; the relative importance of the two systems depended upon the pesticide. In laboratory cultures, resistance to organophosphorous insecticides declined approximately 10 times (3 times for pyrethroids) over 3 yr, suggesting that careful quality controls are required for mass-rearing programs. Provided that resistance can be stabilized at high levels in the laboratory colony, the wide range of resistance shown here makes C. carnea a prime candidate for mass releases of pesticide-resistant beneficial organisms for use in IPM programs.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 1989-02-01
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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