Trunk-Implanted Acephate to Protect Douglas-Fir Seed Crops on Individual Trees in Northern California
Authors: STEIN, JOHN D.; KOERBER, THOMAS W.; FRANK, CHARLES L.
Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 81, Number 6, December 1988 , pp. 1668-1671(4)
Publisher: Entomological Society of America
Abstract:To reduce seed and cone insect damage, 0.875 g per capsule of acephate (technical grade) was implanted into individual Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franko, trees on 15 April or 6 May 1985. A spacing of one capsule per 10 cm of trunk circumference was used. Neither implant treatment affected actual infestation levels of a Douglas-fir cone gall midge, Contarinia oregonensis Foote, or a Douglas-fir seed chalcid, Megastigmus spermotrophus Wachtl. Both implant treatments, however, significantly reduced the damage of a fir coneworm, Dioryctria abietivorella (Grote), and the Douglas-fir cone moth, Barhara colfaxiana (Kearfott), by at least 62%. The latter implant significantly increased the number of filled seeds per cone by 154% compared with control trees, but the difference between implant treatment dates was not significant. Interspecific interaction between reduction of damage by Lepidoptera and the increase in C. oregonensis-damaged seeds and filled seeds suggests a negative association with reduced predation.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1988
- Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
- Editorial Board
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Information for Advertisers
- Visit this journal's homepage
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites