In vivo metabolism of topically applied aldrin and the specific levels of whole body and abdominal microsomal cytochrome P-450, P-420, b5 and creductase were measured during development in the penultimate and last instar of the Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis Mulsant. There were no significant differences between molting larvae (from the penultimate to the last instar), last-instar feeding larvae and prepupae in these monooxygenase properties for whole-body microsomal preparations, and in respect to in vivo metabolism. Cytochrome P-450, b5, and creductase were higher in the abdominal microsomes of feeding-stage larvae than in whole-body microsomes from the same stage, and cytochrome P-450 and b5 were higher in the abdominal microsomes of feeding-stage larvae than in the abdominal microsomes from prepupae. The molar ratio of P-450 to P-420 was constant (approximately 1) for all microsomal preparations examined. The high tolerance of Mexican bean beetle larvae to topically applied aldrin could not be predicted based on poor penetration or the inability of aldrin to be epoxidized to dieldrin.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 1988
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Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.