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Impact of Red Imported Fire Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Predation on Horn Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) in a Cattle Pasture Treated with Pro-Drone

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Abstract:

Pro-Drone (1-(8-methoxy-4,8-dimethylnonyl)-4(1-methylethyl)benzene), an insect growth regulator, was applied monthly to a 7-ha pasture in South Carolina from April to December 1984 and again from April to September 1985. Foraging red imported fire ant (RIFA), Solenopsis invicta Buren, populations decreased in the treated field from an average of 186 RIFAs per bait station in April 1984 to 11 RIFAs per station in June 1984. In the untreated field, foraging RIFA populations increased from 186 per station in April 1984 to 226 per station in June 1984. During the remainder of 1984 and through October 1985, the average number of RIFAs per bait station never exceeded 10 in the treated field, while in the untreated pasture RIFAs were significantly greater. The number of adult horn flies, Haematobia irritans (L.), emerging from manure piles in the treated pasture was55%greater than the number that emerged from piles in the RIFA infested field.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 1988

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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