Wheat Genes Conditioning Resistance to the Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidoymiidae) in Morocco1

Authors: BOUHSSINI, MUSTAPHA EL; AMRI, AHMED; HATCHETT, J. H.

Source: Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 81, Number 2, April 1988 , pp. 709-712(4)

Publisher: Entomological Society of America

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Abstract:

Thirty-eight cultivars and breeding lines of wheat, Triticum aestivum L., carrying one or more known resistance genes were evaluated for reaction to Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say), in Morocco. Genes for resistance included Marquillo and H1 through H13 (except recessive h4). Wheats were evaluated in the field at four locations; percentage of susceptible plants and number of live larvae per susceptible plant were criteria used to measure levels of resistance. Significant differences in percentage of susceptible plants and number of larvae occurred among wheats with different resistance genes and among locations. Only wheats having H5, H7,H8, H9, H11, and H13 genes were significantly more resistant than susceptible checks 'Newton' and 'Bennett'; only H5, H11, and H13 genes conferred a high level of resistance (antibiosis) at all locations. Evaluation of the wheats in a greenhouse confirmed field tests. Of the known resistance genes in wheat, only H5, H1, and H13 would be of value in breeding for Hessian fly resistance in Morocco.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 1988

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.
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