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Impact of various factors on seed production was examined in a Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) seed orchard in western Oregon during 1984. Cones were examined monthly between April and September for .mortality or evidence of insect damage. Loss of immature cones began early in the growing season and had a substantial impact on seed production. A newly discovered cone-feeding weevil, Lepesoma lecontei (Casey), caused a large proportion of this mortality. Unexplained cone mortality (possibly frost damage), undeveloped seed, Douglas-fir cone gall midge (Contarinia oregonensis Foote), and Douglas-fir seed chalcid (Megastigmus spermotrophus (Wachtl)) were other major causes of seed loss. Crown elevation was important for an accurate estimate of the importance of some seed-loss factors. An inventory monitoring system for Douglas-fir seed production based on early monitoring of immature cones, identifying specific seed loss factors, stratified crown sampling, and an adequate sample size, is suggested.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 1988
More about this publication?
Journal of Economic Entomology is published bimonthly in February, April, June, August, October, and December. The journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects and is divided into the following sections: apiculture & social insects; arthropods in relation to plant disease; forum; insecticide resistance and resistance management; ecotoxicology; biological and microbial control; ecology and behavior; sampling and biostatistics; household and structural insects; medical entomology; molecular entomology; veterinary entomology; forest entomology; horticultural entomology; field and forage crops, and small grains; stored-product; commodity treatment and quarantine entomology; and plant resistance. In addition to research papers, Journal of Economic Entomology publishes Letters to the Editor, interpretive articles in a Forum section, Short Communications, Rapid Communications, and Book Reviews.